California Land for Sale
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California Land for Sale

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About California

The Golden State encompasses 100 million acres, just over 156,250 square miles. Located on the West Coast of the United States, California’s entire western border is formed by the Pacific Ocean. Neighboring states include Oregon, Nevada, and Arizona. To the south, the state of Baja California, Mexico creates one of our nation’s international borders.

California derives its name from a 16th-century Spanish novel based on the mythical island of California. When Spanish explorers landed on the Pacific coast, they considered it an island and named it after the book’s paradise island. California became the 31st state of the union in 1850.

Because of the abundance of gold found in the state (which led to the 1848 Gold Rush), California was nicknamed the “Golden State.” The state flower is the California Poppy, and the state bird is the California Quail. California is made up of 58 counties. Sacramento, located northwest of San Francisco, is the capital and the 6th largest city. Los Angeles, on the coast, is the largest city.

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Four main geologic regions make up California’s diverse lands: Coastal (Pacific Ocean), Mountain (Sierra Nevada Range), Central Valley (Great Valley), and Desert (Great Basin, Colorado, and Mojave deserts).


The Golden State’s agricultural industry is a major part of California’s economy, generating approximately $40.1 billion in revenues. There are approximately 76,400 farms, covering 43 million acres of California. The average size farm comprises 348 acres. Agriculture makes a significant contribution to all 58 counties.

California’s most valuable commodities are dairy products, almonds, grapes, and cattle. In fact, the state produces about two-thirds of the nation’s fruit and nuts and about one-third of the nation’s vegetables. Most of the cropland is found in the central valley region.


California wildlife is abundant on both land and water. One-third of the entire state is forested, and another large portion is desert, creating diverse ecosystems for multiple species. Primary wildlife includes black bears, deer, cougars, coyotes, raccoons, weasels, beavers, and otters. Sadly, the California Grizzly depicted on the state’s flag became extinct in the 1920s. Whales and sharks can be found in the Pacific ocean.

Multiple conservation efforts are in place to protect California’s wildlife and land. Much of the recreational land is held publicly in the form of state and national parks which helps to aid in the state’s conservation programs.

Primary freshwater species include Chinook salmon, striped bass, California golden trout, channel catfish, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, crappie, and white sturgeon. In northern California, you will even find Ice fishing opportunities for trout and other species during the winter months.

The primary saltwater species include halibut, redfish, speckled trout, blacktip shark, and cobia. Pacific Ocean access makes for diverse opportunities along the West Coast for the beach, pier, and offshore fishing.

Major Rivers and Lakes

The three main rivers in California are the Colorado River, Sacramento River, and San Joaquin River. Their tributaries include the Gunnison River, White River, Pit River, McCloud River, and Merced River.

The largest lake is Tulare Lake which is located in the San Joaquin valley. The surface area of this lake is approximately 439,680 acres (687 square miles). Other significant lakes include Salton Lake, Lake Tahoe, and Mono Lake.


Iowa consists of seven major landform regions: Northwest Iowa Plains, Des Moines Lobe, Iowan Surface, Paleozoic Plateau, Missouri Alluvial Plain, Loess Hills, and Southern Iowa Drift Plain.

State and National Parks

California has 280 state parks and 9 national parks.

National Parks:

  • Channel Islands National Park
  • Death Valley National Park
  • Joshua Tree National Park
  • Lassen Volcanic National Park
  • Pinnacles National Park
  • Point Reyes National Seashore
  • Redwood National Park
  • Sequoia & Kings Canyon National Park
  • Yosemite National Park


State Summary
Nickname Golden State
Neighboring States Oregon, Nevada, Arizona, and the Mexican state of Baja California
Regions Coastal, Mountain, Central Valley, and Desert
State Flower California Poppy
State Bird California Quail
Big Game Deer, bear, wild pig, elk, pronghorn, and bighorn sheep
Small Game Squirrels, rabbits, jackrabbits, ruffed grouse, pheasant, and bobwhite quail
Freshwater Fish Chinook salmon, striped bass, California golden trout, rainbow trout, channel catfish, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass, crappie, and sturgeon
Saltwater Fish Halibut, cod, mackerel, seabass, sharks, and striped bass
Hunting Information
Total Acreage 100 million acres
Total Public Land Acreage 15 million acres
Average Annual Rainfall 35 inches
Farmland by Acreage 43 million acres
Woodlands by Acreage 33 million acres
Coastline 840 miles
Conservation Program
Primary Crops Dairy products and Almonds
Main Rivers Colorado River, Sacramento River, and San Joaquin River
Largest Lake Tulare Lake
Other Lakes Salton Lake, Lake Tahoe, and Mono Lake
Other Tributaries Gunnison River, White River, Pit River, McCloud River, and Merced River

Our Rural Real Estate Offices

Mossy Oak Properties California began with the goal of becoming a trusted resource for folks looking to buy or sell rural land for sale in California. Our land brokers and agents understand what people are looking for in rural property because we share the same lifestyle and love for the land as you do. We understand the importance of honor and integrity and that buying or selling land is an emotional and life-changing experience for consumers.

Only Mossy Oak Properties California can provide the powerful combination of brand strength, local expertise, quality service, and national exposure. Whether you want to buy or sell rural real estate, a Mossy Oak Properties land specialist is a must-have on your team.

Find a California land real estate agent.

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